WASHINGTON, D.C. — As extremist lawmakers in state houses across the country continue advancing a record-breaking number of anti-LGBTQ+ bills in state legislatures, the Human Rights Campaign — the nation’s largest lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and queer (LGBTQ+) civil rights organization — is providing the below snapshot (updated weekly) to illustrate the current legislative climate for LGBTQ+ people, and the scale and scope with which the ongoing legislative assault is being waged. This weaponization of public policy has been driven by extremist groups that have a long history in working to oppress the existence and rights of LGBTQ+ people. Several of these organizations have been deemed hate groups by the Southern Poverty Law Center, such as the Alliance Defending Freedom and the Family Research Council.
Year-to-Date Snapshot: 2023 Anti-LGBTQ+ State Legislative Activity
Over 500 anti-LGBTQ+ bills have been introduced in state legislatures, a record;
Over 210 bills specifically target transgender and non-binary people, also a record; and
Laws banning gender affirming care: 11
Laws requiring or allowing misgendering of transgender students: 2
Laws targeting drag performances: 1
Laws creating a license to discriminate: 2
Laws censoring school curriculum, including books: 2
Notable 2023 Trends & Topline Analysis
There have been more anti-LGBTQ+ bills introduced in state houses this year than in each of the previous five years; and
More than 120 bills would prevent trans youth from being able to access age-appropriate, medically-necessary, best-practice health care, in addition to more than 40 bills banning transgender students from playing school sports and more than 30 “bathroom bills,” a figure that exceeds the number bathroom bills filed in any previous year.
Notable Bills Advanced in the Past Week (updated as of April 17, 2023)
HB 303: would allow medical practitioners, healthcare institutions, and health care payers – including doctors, nurses, counselors, pharmacists, and insurance companies – to deny any medical services based on personal belief rather than patient need.
HB 361: would allow for the intentional misgendering and deadnaming of transgender and non-binary students by their peers.
HB 1686 (House version) and SB 14 (Senate version): would ban gender affirming care for transgender youth
The Attorney General, Andrew Bailey, issued an emergency rule outlawing gender affirming care April 13; this rule is temporary but would forbid care for children and adults until January.
HB 419: would ban gender affirming care for transgender youth
SB 1237: would allow private schools to prohibit transgender students from participating in sports consistent with their gender identity
HB 1254: bans gender affirming care for transgender youth was allowed to pass into law
HB 1249: bans transgender students - including kindergarteners - from playing school sports consistent with their gender identity
HB 1489: bans transgender college students from playing school sports consistent with their gender identity, contrary to decades of NCAA policy
HCR 3010: a resolution, asks public schools and state agencies to misgender transgender individuals in data collection efforts
HB 1139: creates an additional rule for gender markers on birth certificates that discriminates against transgender people
HB 1468: restricts name and pronoun use
HB 1615: legalizes religious refusal
SB 350: Bans local governments from stopping conversion therapy
HB 1569: bans gender affirming care for incarcerated individuals
SF 496 in Iowa: censors books and curriculum relating to sexual orientation or gender identity
SB 180 in Kansas: Applies a discriminatory definition of sex throughout Kansas law
SB 99: Bans gender affirming care; the Governor has returned the bill to the legislature with suggestions on how to improve the bill, but is expected to sign it.
HB 361: Allows for the intentional misgendering and deadnaming of transgender and non-binary students by their peers
HB 566: removes sexual orientation and gender identity from sex ed lessons
HB 303 - allows medical practitioners, healthcare institutions, and health care payers – including doctors, nurses, counselors, pharmacists, and insurance companies – to deny any medical services based on personal belief rather than patient need.
HB 2247: Limits state data collection to two sexes, inherently discriminating against transgender and non-binary individuals
HB 1333: Bans public drag performances
HB 1254: Bans gender affirming care
HB 1297: prohibits gender marker changes on birth certificates if a person identifies as transgender
HB 1473: prohibits transgender people from using bathrooms and locker rooms that correspond with their gender identity in certain state-operated facilities
HB 1474: removes transgender individuals from state data collection
HB 1522: penalizes schools for proper pronoun accommodations for trans students
Looking Back at 2022 State Legislative Sessions
In a coordinated push led by national anti-LGBTQ+ groups, which deployed vintage discriminatory tropes, politicians in statehouses across the country introduced 315 discriminatory anti-LGBTQ+ bills in 2022 and 29 passed into law. Despite this, fewer than 10% of these efforts succeeded. The majority of the discriminatory bills – 149 bills – targeted the transgender and non-binary community, with the majority targeting children receiving the brunt of discriminatory legislation. By the end of the 2022 legislative session, a record 17 bills attacking transgender and non-binary children passed into law.
Anti-LGBTQ+ legislation took several forms, including:
80 bills aimed to prevent transgender youth from playing school sports consistent with their gender identity. 19 states now exclude transgender athletes in school sports.
42 bills to prevent transgender and non-binary youth from receiving life-saving, medically-necessary gender-affirming healthcare. 5 states now restrict access to gender-affirming care.
70 curriculum censorship bills tried to turn back the clock and restrict teachers from discussing LGBTQ+ issues and other marginalized communities in their classrooms. 7 passed into law.
For more information about the onslaught of state legislative bills being introduced in state houses across the country, or to request an interview with an HRC legislative expert, please contact email@example.com.
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