HRC is deeply saddened to learn of the death of CoCo Chanel Wortham, also known as Miss Coco, a 44-year-old transgender woman of color who was fatally shot in Dallas, Texas on August 7. Miss CoCo’s death is at least the 34th death of a transgender or gender non-conforming person in 2021. We say “at least” because too often these deaths go unreported — or misreported.
According to Nu Trans Movement, Miss CoCo was frequently in encampment areas of downtown Dallas with others who experienced homelessness. The organization described her as “a well-known small girl with a big, bubbly personality. CoCo was a happy person [and] proud to be living her truth!” According to an article from the Dallas Voice, Miss CoCo was originally from Kansas City, Kansas and was a “master cosmetologist.” Her friend Dymond Rocke described her as “a giving and kind person who never said no to anyone.” A memorial service was held for her in Dallas last week.
HRC recorded 44 deaths of transgender and gender non-conforming people in 2020, more than in any year since we began tracking this violence in 2013.
The Dallas Police Homicide Unit is currently investigating Miss CoCo’s death, and according to local news reports, they are investigating her death as a hate crime until proven otherwise. Anyone with information can contact Detective Frank Serra, #10031 at 214-671-4320 or firstname.lastname@example.org, or Crime Stoppers at 214-373-TIPS (8477). Please refer to case number 141396-2021.
More than 10,000 hate crimes in the U.S. involve a firearm each year, which equates to more than 28 each day, according to a 2020 report from HRC, Everytown for Gun Safety Support Fund, Giffords Law Center and Equality Florida titled “Remembering and Honoring Pulse: Anti-LGBTQ Bias and Guns Are Taking Lives of Countless LGBTQ People.” The report also notes a marked increase in anti-LGBTQ hate crimes, especially against transgender people. According to the 2017-2019 Transgender Homicide Tracker, three-fourths of confirmed homicides against transgender people have involved a gun, and nearly eight in 10 homicides of Black trans women involve a gun. Further, advocates saw a 43% increase in the formation of anti-LGBTQ hate groups in 2019.
Many transgender and gender non-conforming people who are victims of violence often eperience misgendering and callous or disrespectful treatment by some in the media, law enforcement and elected offices. According to HRC research, it is estimated that approximately three-quarters of all known victims were misgendered by the media and/or by law enforcement. In the pursuit of greater accuracy and respect, HRC offers guidelines for journalists and others who report on transgender people. HRC, Media Matters and the Trans Journalists Association have also partnered on an FAQ for reporters writing about anti-trans violence.
At the state level, transgender and gender non-conforming people in Texas are not explicitly protected from discrimination in employment, housing, education and public spaces. While Texas does include sexual orientation as a protected characteristic in its hate crimes law, it does not expressly include gender identity. While we have recently have seen some gains that support and affirm transgender people, we have also faced anti-LGBTQ attacks at many levels of government this year, with more than 250 anti-LGBTQ bills under consideration in state legislatures across the country, more than 120 of which directly target transgender people. In May, 2021 set a record as the worst year for anti-LGBTQ legislation in recent history.
We must demand better from our elected officials and reject harmful anti-transgender legislation at the local, state and federal levels, while also considering every possible way to make ending this violence a reality. It is clear that fatal violence disproportionately affects transgender women of color, especially Black transgender women. The intersections of racism, transphobia, sexism, biphobia and homophobia conspire to deprive them of necessities to live and thrive, so we must all work together to cultivate acceptance, reject hate and end stigma for everyone in the trans and gender non-conforming community.
In order to work towards this goal and combat stigma against transgender and non-binary people, HRC has collaborated with WarnerMedia on a PSA campaign to lift up their voices and stories. Learn more and watch the PSAs here.
HRC has also launched the “Count Me In” campaign to encourage everyone, LGBTQ people and allies, to get loud, get visible and spread awareness on behalf of transgender and non-binary people. The more people who show they care, including allies and trans and non-binary people who speak up for the most marginalized in our community, the more hearts and minds we will change. Learn more and take action at hrc.org/CountMeIn.
For more information about HRC’s transgender justice work, visit hrc.org/transgender.