India Supreme Court Defies Human Rights, “Recriminalizes” Love

by HRC Staff

Washington– The Human Rights Campaign, the United States’ largest lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) civil rights organization condemns a ruling by India’s Supreme Court overturning a lower court’s decision that decriminalized same-sex relationships. In 2009 the Delhi High Court ruled Section 377 of the Indian Penal Code was unconstitutional because it denied rights to a certain set of citizens. Section 377 included a penalty for "unnatural offenses" which criminalizes same-sex relationships for up to 10 years of jail time and could be extended to life imprisonment.  The court’s ruling “recriminalizes love” in India and makes the world’s largest democracy one of 77 countries around that globe that criminalizes homosexuality.  This is a deeply disturbing step backward, as LGBT equality is advancing around the world.

“It is incomprehensible that a court of law would take the side of discrimination against LGBT citizens,” said HRC Vice President and Chief Foundation Officer Jeff Krehely.  “Criminalizing LGBT relationships leads to dangerous situations, not just for committed couples, but also for LGBT youth, who today received a deeply harmful message that they are less than equal. We call on fair-minded people around the world to show solidarity with India’s LGBT community at this critical moment.”

Frustrated with mounting losses at home, American conservatives also have rushed to praise the criminalization of same-sex relationships overseas, with American Family Radio host Bryan Fischer saying “What India’s Supreme court has done is entirely right” and “We need a Supreme Court which will do the same.”

Today’s ruling came as a surprise to LGBT activists who had expected the Supreme Court to uphold the lower court’s ruling.  The decision means same-sex relations in India are once again subject to a 153-year-old law, passed under British rule.

“Yesterday, we mourned the loss of President Mandela – a leader whose presidency saw the first constitutional prohibition on anti-gay discrimination. Today, the India Supreme Court has denied my freedom as a gay man, upholding a 153-year-old colonial law that could result in my own imprisonment,” said Tushar Malik, a fellow with HRC’s Global Engagement Program and an LGBT advocate in India. “But I refuse to retreat. With this ruling, India becomes the 77th country worldwide criminalizing LGBT people. I will continue speaking out until we are no longer on that abhorrent list of 77.”

The Human Rights Campaign Foundation is the educational arm of America’s largest civil rights organization working to achieve lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender equality. By inspiring and engaging individuals and communities, HRC strives to end discrimination against LGBT people and realize a world that achieves fundamental fairness and equality for all.

Contact Us

To make a general inquiry, please visit our contact page. Members of the media can reach our press office at: (202) 572-8968 or email