10% of Americans Now Identify as LGBTQ+
10% of Americans now identify as LGBTQ+
Eight in ten Americans favor laws that would protect LGBTQ+ people against discrimination in jobs, public accommodations, and housing
66% of Republicans favor nondiscrimination provisions for LGBTQ+ people
Seven in ten Americans support marriage equality, including nearly half of Republicans
Nearly two-thirds of Americans (65%) oppose religiously based refusals to serve LGBTQ+ people
Majorities of almost every major religious group oppose allowing religiously based service refusals
Summary of Key Sections
Full findings: PRRI: Findings From the 2022 American Values Atlas
Eight in Ten Support Nondiscrimination Laws to Protect LGBTQ+ People
Eight in ten Americans (80%) favor laws that would protect gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transgender people against discrimination in jobs, public accommodations, and housing. This includes 48% who strongly support such laws. About one in five Americans (18%) oppose these laws, including 7% who strongly oppose them. Support for these protections has increased over the past few years: around seven in ten Americans favored nondiscrimination provisions in 2015 (71%), 2017 (70%), 2018 (69%), and 2019 (72%), before rising to 76% in 2020 and 79% in 2021.
Overwhelming shares of Democrats (90%) and independents (82%), as well as two-thirds of Republicans (66%), favor nondiscrimination provisions for LGBTQ+ people.
Vast majorities of most major religious groups support nondiscrimination protections for LGBTQ+ people. This includes nearly all Unitarian Universalists (92%), members of other non-Christian religions (88%), religiously unaffiliated Americans (87%), Hispanic Catholics (86%), Jewish Americans (86%), white mainline Protestants (83%), and white Catholics (82%). At least three in four Black Protestants (79%), other Catholics of color (79%), Latter-day Saints (78%), Buddhists (78%), Hindus (76%), and other Protestants of color (75%) support nondiscrimination laws to protect LGBTQ+ people. In addition, seven in ten Orthodox Christians (70%) and Muslims (70%) support such laws. A smaller majority of Hispanic Protestants (62%) and white evangelical Protestants (62%) also support nondiscrimination protections for LGBTQ+ people. Jehovah’s Witnesses are the religious group whose members are the least likely to support such protections, with support at 50%. Among almost all these groups, support has either increased or not seen a substantial change since 2015. Only Hispanic Protestants have decreased in support since 2015.
Majorities of almost every major racial and ethnic group support nondiscrimination protections for LGBTQ+ people. This includes AAPI (82%), white Americans (80%, up from 71% in 2015), Hispanic Americans (79%, up from 74% in 2015), Black Americans (75%, up from 65% in 2015) and multiracial Americans (79%, up from 72% in 2015).
More Than Two-Thirds Support Marriage Equality
Support for legal same-sex marriage has steadily increased in the United States for nearly a decade. Nearly seven in ten Americans (69%) favor allowing gay and lesbian couples to marry legally. The majority of Americans were in support of allowing gay and lesbian couples to marry legally in 2014 and 2015 (54% and 53%, respectively). Support increased to around six in ten Americans in subsequent years (58% in 2016, 61% in 2017, and 62% in 2018 and 2019), and then to around seven in ten in 2020, 2021, and 2022 (67%, 68%, and 69%, respectively). PRRI finds that support for same-sex marriage has consistently grown across virtually all demographics and affiliations, even within groups in which supporters are not the majority.
About half of Republicans (49%) support same-sex marriage, compared to about one-third in 2014 (35%). The level of support among independents has aligned with the level among all Americans, with 73% expressing support in 2022 (up from 58% in 2014). Support has increased among Democrats, going from around two-thirds in 2014 (65%) to more than eight in ten in 2022 (83%).
Two-Thirds Oppose Religiously Based Refusals to Serve LGBTQ+ People
A majority of Americans have consistently opposed permitting businesses to refuse service to LGBTQ+ people on religious grounds, and in 2022 nearly two-thirds of Americans (65%) oppose allowing such refusals. One-third of Americans (33%) support allowing religiously based service refusals, including 15% who strongly favor allowing them. Opposition to allowing religiously based service refusals has fluctuated since 2015, when 59% of Americans opposed this policy.
Nearly nine in ten Democrats (86%) and about two-thirds of independents (64%) oppose allowing religiously based refusals to serve gay and lesbian people. About four in ten Republicans (41%) oppose allowing such service refusals, while a majority of Republicans (57%) support allowing them.
Majorities of almost every major religious group oppose allowing religiously based service refusals, including 88% of Unitarian Universalists, 78% of Hispanic Catholics, 77% of Hindus, 77% of members of other non-Christian religions, 76% of religiously unaffiliated Americans, 73% of Black Protestants, 73% of other Catholics of color, 73% of Muslims, 73% of Jewish Americans, 73% of Buddhists, 64% of white Catholics, 63% of Hispanic Protestants, 62% of white mainline Protestants, and 54% of other Protestants of color. Half of Orthodox Christians (51%) and Jehovah’s Witnesses (50%), less than half of Latter-Day Saints (46%), and only 37% of white evangelical Protestants also oppose allowing religiously based service refusals. The level of opposition has increased among every group except Orthodox Christians, Jehovah’s Witnesses, Latter-day Saints, and white evangelical Protestants.
The full report is available on PRRI’s website.
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