Tyler Clementi Higher Education Anti-Harassment Act
H.R. 482; S. 2164
Lesbian and gay college students are nearly twice as likely to experience harassment when compared with their heterosexual peers, and were seven times more likely to indicate the harassment was based on their sexual orientation, according to a 2010 study by Campus Pride. Additionally, transgender students are nearly twice as likely to experience harassment when compared to their non-transgender peers, and were four times more likely to indicate their harassment was based on their gender identity. Despite such statistics, there is no federal requirement that colleges and universities have policies to protect their students from harassment.
What is the Tyler Clementi Higher Education Anti-Harassment Act?
The Tyler Clementi Higher Education Anti-Harassment Act requires colleges and universities receiving federal student aid funding to enact an anti-harassment policy. Specifically, the legislation requires policies that prohibit harassment of enrolled students by other students, faculty and staff based on actual or perceived race, color, national origin, sex, disability, sexual orientation, gender identity or religion and requires colleges to distribute their anti-harassment policy to all students and employees, including prospective students and employees upon request. It also explicitly prohibits behavior often referred to as cyberbullying.
The bill creates a competitive grant program at the Department of Education in which institutions can apply for funding to initiate, expand or improve programs that prevent the harassment of students; provide counseling to victims or perpetrators; or educate or train students, faculty and staff about ways to prevent or address harassment.
Who is Tyler Clementi?
Tyler Clementi, for whom the bill is named, was an 18 year-old freshman at Rutgers University in the fall of 2010. Without Tyler’s knowledge, his roommate streamed video footage on the internet of Tyler in his dorm room with another male. After his roommate attempted to stream another such interaction a few days later, Tyler ended his life.
Numerous legal, civil rights and educational organizations support the bill, including the National Women’s Law Center, the Anti-Defamation League, the American Association for University Women (AAUW), the National Gay and Lesbian Task Force Action Fund, the National Center for Transgender Equality, the Gay, Lesbian, and Straight Education Network (GLSEN) and the Trevor Project.
What is the Current Status of the Bill?
The bill was reintroduced in the 113th Congress in the House of Representatives by Rep. Rush Holt (D-NJ) and in the Senate by Sens. Patty Murray (D-WA) & Tammy Baldwin (D-WI) on March 27, 2014.
Learn More about the Tyler Clementi Higher Education Anti-Harassment Act
Last Updated: March 28, 2014