Resources

Employment Non-Discrimination Act: Legislative Timeline

1994

Employment Non-Discrimination Act (ENDA) first introduced (103d Congress, S. 2238, 30 co-sponsors; H.R. 4636, 137 co-sponsors); Senate Labor and Human Resources Committee holds first hearings on ENDA (S.Hrg. 103-703).

1995

ENDA of 1995 introduced (104th Congress, S. 932, 30 co-sponsors; H. R. 1863, 142 co-sponsors).

1996

First House hearing held by Government Programs Subcommittee of House Committee on Small Business.  First floor vote held on ENDA in Senate; bill rejected by 50-49 vote (104th Congress, S. 2056, 3 co-sponsors; Roll Call No. 281).

1997

ENDA of 1997 introduced (105th Congress, S. 869, 34 co-sponsors; H.R. 1858, 160 co-sponsors); hearings held by Senate Labor and Human Resources Committee (S.Hrg. 105-279).

1998

President Clinton issues Executive Order 13087 prohibiting discrimination based on sexual orientation in much of the federal civilian workforce.

1998

House of Representatives rejects Hefley Amendment to FY 1999 Commerce, Justice, State appropriations bill, which sought to prohibit use of federal funds to enforce the executive order, by a vote of 176-252 (Roll Call No. 398).

1999

ENDA of 1999 introduced (106th Congress, S. 1276, 36 co-sponsors; H.R. 2355, 173 co-sponsors).

2001

ENDA of 2001 introduced (107th Congress, S. 1284, 44 co-sponsors; H.R. 2692, 193 co-sponsors).

2002

Hearings on ENDA held before Senate Health, Education, Labor and Pensions Committee; Committee favorably reported the bill, which was placed on Senate Calendar (S.Hrg. 107-307; committee report No. 107-341; Calendar No. 763.)

2003

ENDA of 2003 introduced (108th Congress, S. 1705, 43 co-sponsors; H.R. 3285, 180 co-sponsors).

2007

ENDA of 2007 introduced (110th Congress, H.R. 2015, 184 co-sponsors), the first bill to include sexual orientation and gender identity; hearings held by House Education and Labor Subcommittee on Health, Employment, Labor, and Pensions.

House Education and Labor Committee took up a sexual orientation-only version of ENDA (H.R. 3685) and favorably reported the bill (H. Rept. 110-406).  First House floor vote on ENDA; House passed H.R. 3685 by vote of 235-184 (Roll Call No. 1057). Bill placed on Senate Calendar (Calendar No. 479).

2008

House Education and Labor Committee held hearings on workplace discrimination against transgender people.

2009

ENDA of 2009 introduced (111th Congress, S. 1584, 45 co-sponsors; H.R. 3017, 203 co-sponsors), inclusive of sexual orientation and gender identity; hearings held by House Education and Labor Committee and Senate Health, Education, Labor and Pensions Committee.

2011

ENDA of 2011 introduced (112th Congress, S. 811, 41 co-sponsors; H.R. 1397, 160 co-sponsors).

2012

Senate Health, Education, Labor and Pensions Committee held hearing, featuring first-ever transgender witness before a Senate committee.

2013

ENDA of 2013 introduced (113th Congress, S. 815, 5 original co-sponsors; H.R. 1755, 162 original co-sponsors).   Senate Health, Education, Labor and Pensions Committee favorably reported the bill (S. Rept. 113-105).