H.R. 3440; S. 1615
Of the approximately 11 million undocumented immigrants in the United States, more than a million are “Dreamers,” undocumented young people who were brought to the United States as minors and have spent most of their lives living in the United States. In 2012, the Obama Administration created the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program to help these Dreamers.
The DACA program provided much needed relief for Dreamers who have no criminal history and are in school (or have graduated) or who serve in the military (or have been honorably discharged). DACA allowed these young people to come out of the shadows and live fully within their communities.
However, the Trump Administration announced on September 5, 2017 an end to the DACA program in March 2018. In response, several immigrants’ rights groups filed suit against the administration. As a result of those suits, two federal courts issued injunctions blocking the Trump-Pence Administration from fully ending the DACA program and requiring them to allow some DACA recipients to renew their status. While these rulings are encouraging, they do not apply to all Dreamers and the future of DACA remains unresolved until these cases conclude. Congress still needs to act to find a permanent solution for the Dreamers.
Undocumented LGBTQ people experience compounded discrimination due to their sexual orientation, gender identity, and immigration status, making them some of the most vulnerable individuals in our country. It is estimated that approximately 75,000 Dreamers are LGBTQ, and 36,000 of them have gotten relief through DACA.
In a third of countries around the world, it is a crime to be LGBTQ. Thousands of people every year are arrested, harassed and even murdered because of their sexual orientation or gender identity. Sending LGBTQ Dreamers back to these countries would gravely threaten their health and safety.
What is the Dream Act?
The Dream Act would provide Dreamers the opportunity to apply for permanent legal status and eventually become eligible for U.S. citizenship. It would also cancel the removal of undocumented immigrants who have been continuously physically present in the United States for four years preceding the bill's enactment, were younger than 18 when they were first brought to the United States, and have no criminal record. In addition, eligible undocumented immigrants must be in school (or have graduated), or be serving in the military (or have received an honorable discharge). After maintaining lawful permanent resident status for five years, these Dreamers would then be able to apply to become U.S. citizens.
What is the Current Status of the Bill?
The Dream Act was introduced in the House of Representatives by Reps. Lucille Roybal-Allard (D-CA) and Ileana Ros-Lehtinen (R-FL) on July 26, 2017, and in the Senate by Sens. Lindsey Graham (R-SC) and Dick Durbin (D-IL) on July 20, 2017.
On February 15, 2018, the Senate considered several proposals that would have provided a path to citizenship for the more than a million Dreamers in the United States. All of the proposals failed to receive the 60 votes needed to proceed in the Senate.
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Last Updated: March 29, 2018