2019 LGBTQ Voting Experience Survey Method and Respondent Profile
In August 2019, HRC Foundation launched its 2019 LGBTQ Voting Experience Survey (Voting Survey) to better understand past and expected barriers to voting of LGBTQ voting-aged residents. The survey received responses from more than 6,000 LGBTQ voting-aged residents across the United States and territories. It is the largest and most detailed study on LGBTQ people's experiences with voter suppression while accessing the right to vote.
This resource explains the methodology used to acquire the sample population, discusses the weighting scheme and presents sample descriptive statistics.
The Voting Survey is a cross-sectional, nonprobability sample. The Voting Survey was fielded from August 24 - October 24, 2019 in English and October 8 - October 24, 2019 in Spanish. Sampling units were recruited through four main channels.
- Promotion of the survey on HRC relevant social media channels
- Targeted social media recruitment advertisements
- Strategic outreach to HRC Foundation partner organizations
- A nationally representative panel of LGBTQ voting-aged residents
WEIGHTING METHODOLOGY AND ESTIMATION STRATEGY
Bias may be reduced in nonprobability samples by using inverse probability weights, which are the reciprocal of the probability of being selected for a survey (see Angrist and Pischke 2009.) Responses are weighted for race, education and income. Weights were constructed by taking the inverse of a pseudo-population estimate over the unweighted sample estimate proportions. Pseudo-population estimates come from the Williams Institute's LGBT Data and Demographics archives. Statistics that are reported in publications use the maximum sample size available and present weighted estimates.
RESOURCES FOR RESEARCHERS
We need more data collection on LGBTQ people — especially in the U.S. Census
|Gay or Lesbian||40%|
|Gender-Expansive (Not Trans)||10%|
- American Indian/Alaskan Native (Native American)
- Black/African American
- Latinx (Latino/a or Hispanic
- Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander
Education (% With Bachelor or Higher)