Employment Non-Discrimination Act: Legislative Timeline
Employment Non-Discrimination Act (ENDA) first introduced (103d Congress, S. 2238, 30 co-sponsors; H.R. 4636, 137 co-sponsors); Senate Labor and Human Resources Committee holds first hearings on ENDA (S.Hrg. 103-703).
ENDA of 1995 introduced (104th Congress, S. 932, 30 co-sponsors; H. R. 1863, 142 co-sponsors).
First House hearing held by Government Programs Subcommittee of House Committee on Small Business. First floor vote held on ENDA in Senate; bill rejected by 50-49 vote (104th Congress, S. 2056, 3 co-sponsors; Roll Call No. 281).
ENDA of 1997 introduced (105th Congress, S. 869, 34 co-sponsors; H.R. 1858, 160 co-sponsors); hearings held by Senate Labor and Human Resources Committee (S.Hrg. 105-279).
President Clinton issues Executive Order 13087 prohibiting discrimination based on sexual orientation in much of the federal civilian workforce.
House of Representatives rejects Hefley Amendment to FY 1999 Commerce, Justice, State appropriations bill, which sought to prohibit use of federal funds to enforce the executive order, by a vote of 176-252 (Roll Call No. 398).
ENDA of 1999 introduced (106th Congress, S. 1276, 36 co-sponsors; H.R. 2355, 173 co-sponsors).
ENDA of 2001 introduced (107th Congress, S. 1284, 44 co-sponsors; H.R. 2692, 193 co-sponsors).
Hearings on ENDA held before Senate Health, Education, Labor and Pensions Committee; Committee favorably reported the bill, which was placed on Senate Calendar (S.Hrg. 107-307; committee report No. 107-341; Calendar No. 763.)
ENDA of 2003 introduced (108th Congress, S. 1705, 43 co-sponsors; H.R. 3285, 180 co-sponsors).
ENDA of 2007 introduced (110th Congress, H.R. 2015, 184 co-sponsors), the first bill to include sexual orientation and gender identity; hearings held by House Education and Labor Subcommittee on Health, Employment, Labor, and Pensions.
House Education and Labor Committee took up a sexual orientation-only version of ENDA (H.R. 3685) and favorably reported the bill (H. Rept. 110-406). First House floor vote on ENDA; House passed H.R. 3685 by vote of 235-184 (Roll Call No. 1057). Bill placed on Senate Calendar (Calendar No. 479).
House Education and Labor Committee held hearings on workplace discrimination against transgender people.
ENDA of 2009 introduced (111th Congress, S. 1584, 45 co-sponsors; H.R. 3017, 203 co-sponsors), inclusive of sexual orientation and gender identity; hearings held by House Education and Labor Committee and Senate Health, Education, Labor and Pensions Committee.
ENDA of 2011 introduced (112th Congress, S. 811, 41 co-sponsors; H.R. 1397, 160 co-sponsors).
Senate Health, Education, Labor and Pensions Committee held hearing, featuring first-ever transgender witness before a Senate committee.
ENDA of 2013 introduced (113th Congress, S. 815, 5 original co-sponsors; H.R. 1755, 162 original co-sponsors). Senate Health, Education, Labor and Pensions Committee favorably reported the bill (S. Rept. 113-105). ENDA passed the full Senate with a strong bipartisan vote of 64-32.